Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Jul. 31, 2016
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Note 1: Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Organization and Nature of Business


Dataram Corporation (“Dataram” or the “Company”) is an independent manufacturer and reseller of memory products and provider of performance solutions. The Company provides customized memory solutions for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and compatible memory for leading brands including Cisco, Dell, Fujitsu, HP, IBM, Lenovo and Oracle as well as a line of memory products for Intel and AMD motherboard based servers. Dataram manufactures its memory in-house to meet three key criteria - quality, compatibility, and selection - and tests its memory for performance and OEM compatibility as part of the production process. The Company has memory designed for over 50,000 systems and with products that range from energy-efficient DDR4 modules to legacy SDR offerings. The Company is a CMTL Premier Participant and ISO 9001 (2008 Certified). Its products are fully compliant with JEDEC Specifications.


Dataram’s customers include a global network of distributors, resellers, retailers, OEM customers and end users.


Dataram competes with several large independent memory manufacturers and OEMs. The primary raw material used in producing memory boards is dynamic random access memory (DRAM) chips. The purchase cost of DRAMs is the largest single component of the total cost of a finished memory board. Consequently, average selling prices for computer memory boards are significantly dependent on the pricing and availability of DRAM chips.


Liquidity and Going Concern


The Company's condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared using the accrual method of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business. For the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016, the Company incurred losses of approximately $1,221,000. The Company also incurred losses of approximately $927,000 in fiscal 2017’s first quarter ended July 31, 2016.


If current and projected revenue growth does not meet estimates, the Company may need to raise additional capital through debt and/or equity transactions and further reduce certain overhead costs. The Company may require up to $1,000,000 of additional working capital over the next twelve months to support operations. The Company cannot provide assurance that it will obtain any required financing or such financing will be available to it on favorable terms.


Based on the above, there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets, or the amounts of and classification of liabilities that might be necessary in the event the Company cannot continue in existence.


Basis of Presentation


The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial statements and with Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not contain all information and footnotes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all the adjustments necessary (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) to present the financial position of the Company as of July 31, 2016 and the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for the three months ended July 31, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or for any future period.


These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2016. The Company’s accounting policies are described in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2016, and updated, as necessary, in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.


On July 6, 2016, the Company filed a certificate of amendment to its Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada in order to effectuate a reverse stock split of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock, par value $0.001 per share on a one (1) for three (3) basis, effective on July 8, 2016. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto give retrospective effect of the reverse stock split for all periods presented.


Use of Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, including deferred tax asset valuation allowances and certain other reserves and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates and assumptions are reviewed periodically and the effects of revisions are reflected in the consolidated financial statements in the period they are determined to be necessary. Some of the more significant estimates made by management include allowance for doubtful accounts and sales returns, reserve for inventory obsolescence, deferred income tax asset and related valuation allowance, fair value of certain financial instruments, impairment assessment of carrying value of goodwill and other intangible assets and other operating allowances and accruals. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


Revenue Recognition


Revenue is recognized when title passes upon shipment of goods to customers. The Company’s revenue earning activities involve delivering or producing goods. The following criteria are met before revenue is recognized: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, shipment has occurred, selling price is fixed or determinable and collection is reasonably assured. The Company does experience a minimal level of sales returns and allowances for which the Company accrues a reserve at the time of sale. Estimated warranty costs are accrued by management upon product shipment based on an estimate of future warranty claims. Such amounts were not material for the three months ended July 31, 2016 and 2015.


Net Loss per Share


Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss available to common stock holders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock issued and outstanding during the period. The calculation of diluted loss per share for the three months ended July 31, 2016 and 2015 includes only the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. The denominator excludes the dilutive effect of common shares issuable upon exercise or conversion of stock options, warrants, convertible notes and Series A and Series B preferred shares as their effect would be anti-dilutive.


Anti-dilutive securities consisted of the following at July 31:


    2016     2015  
Common stock equivalent of convertible notes           100,000  
Common stock equivalent of convertible notes – related parties     9,070       9,070  
Series A preferred shares           522,167  
Series B preferred shares     344,480        
Warrants     133,667       1,119,425  
Stock options     2,778       99,582  
Total     489,995       1,850,244  


Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements


On August 26, 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, seeking to eliminate diversity in practice related to how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The amendments in ASU 2016-15 address eight specific cash flow issues and apply to all entities, including both business entities and not-for-profit entities that are required to present a statement of cash flows under FASB Accounting Standards Codification (FASB ASC) 230, Statement of Cash Flows. The amendments in ASU 2016-15 are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard on its condensed consolidated financial statements.