Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Income Tax

Income Tax
12 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Tax



The components of income tax provision (benefit) are as follows:


    Year Ended April 30,  
    2020     2019  
Federal   $ (438,145 )   $ -  
State and local     -       -  
Total current     (438,145 )     -  
Federal   $ -     $ 435,345  
State and local     -       -  
Total deferred     -       435,345  
Total income tax provision (benefit)   $ (438,145 )   $ 435,345  


The Company has a net operating loss carryforward for federal tax purposes totaling approximately $24.2 million at April 30, 2020. Approximately $13.2 million expires through the year 2038, with approximately $11.0 million net operating losses incurred in fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 that do not expire and can be utilized to offset up to 80% of future taxable income under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act described below. The Company has approximately $3.0 million of various state net operating loss carryforwards that expire through the year 2038; however, the Company’s business is currently conducted in states with no income tax, so these carryforwards may never be used.


The deferred tax assets are summarized as follows:


    April 30, 2020     April 30, 2019  
Net operating loss carryover   $ 5,083,000     $ 3,777,000  
Stock-based compensation     2,019,000       1,753,000  
Capitalized exploration costs     340,000       341,000  
Accrued remediation costs     7,000       3,000  
Alternative minimum tax credit carryover     -       438,000  
Subtotal     7,449,000       6,312,000  
Less: valuation allowance     (7,449,000 )     (6,312,000 )
Net deferred tax asset   $ -     $ -  


On December 22, 2017, the United States enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”) resulting in significant modifications to existing law. The Company completed the accounting for the effects of the Act during the fiscal year April 30, 2019. The Company recognized an income tax benefit of 438,145 for the year ended April 30, 2020 as a result of the changes to tax laws and tax rates under the Act. The Act modified the application of alternative minimum tax credits previously being carried forward, to allow for refunds of the credits. The Company had been carrying forward a total of $438,000 in alternative minimum tax credits. As a result of the change, the Company received a federal tax refund during the fiscal year ended April 30, 2020 and will receive another refund of like amount in the year ending April 30, 2021.


As of April 30, 2020, the Company had deferred tax assets arising principally from the net operating loss carryforward for income tax purposes multiplied by an expected blended federal and state tax rate of 21.0%. Due to the physical presence (nexus) of the Company in the states of Wyoming and Nevada, the Company no longer has significant income or loss apportioned to any taxable state. Any minor apportionment that may occur to any taxable state will be immaterial to current and future operations of the company. Therefore, the effective state tax rate used in the calculation of deferred tax is 0%. As management of the Company cannot determine that it is more likely than not that the Company will realize the benefits of the deferred tax assets, a valuation allowance equal to 100% of the net deferred tax asset has been established at April 30, 2020.


The differences between the provision (benefit) for federal income taxes and federal income taxes computed using the U.S. statutory tax rate of 21% were as follows:


    Year Ended April 30,  
    2020           2019        
Federal income tax provision (benefit) based on statutory rate   $ (1,194,000 )     21.0 %   $ (1,598.000 )     21.0 %
State income tax provision (benefit), net of federal taxes     -       - %     -       - %
Change in effective state tax rate     -       - %     340,000       (4.5 )%
Change in prior year estimate     (381,000 )     6.7 %     (971,000       12.8 %
Increase (decrease) in valuation allowance     1,137,000       (20.0 )%     2,664,000       (35.0 )%
Total tax provision (benefit) on income (loss)   $ (438,000 )     7.7 %   $ 435,000       (5.7 )%


The Company has assessed its tax positions and has determined that it has not taken a position that would give rise to an unrecognized tax liability being reported. In the event that the Company is assessed penalties and/or interest, penalties will be charged to other operating expense and interest will be charged to interest expense.


The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various states. For both federal and state income tax purposes, the Company’s fiscal 2017 through 2020 tax years remain open for examination by the tax authorities under the normal three-year statute of limitations.